Criminal Court Summons
The largest number of cases heard in New York City Criminal Courts are summons cases. The summons is typically issued by a police officer who alleges a violation of a charge under the Penal Law that is generally considered to be less serious than other criminal offenses. The summons is also issued by law enforcement officers and peace officers whose duties require the enforcement of the local laws such as New York City's Administrative Code.
Queens Attorney for New York Criminal Court Summons
For experienced legal guidance, contact the Law Office. With almost two decades of experience in criminal justice, both as a state prosecutor and defense attorney, Rochelle has a deep understanding of summons procedures in New York. She will aggressively pursue dropped or minimize charges in your defense. Call for a free consultation and more information about the summons you face.
The Importance of a Summons in New York
A summons ticket may not look intimidating. The ticket is generally pink and it is given to you at the scene of the alleged incident or it arrives in an ordinarily envelope. Many men and women don't understand the implications of a summons and do not take the summons seriously or they disregard it altogether. This can lead to unfortunate circumstances, including an arrest warrant.
Summonses may end in misdemeanor convictions and criminal records for those accused. In the cases where it does not, you may be able to fight for dropped charges and a clear record. Remember: paying a fine is a way of pleading guilty to a charge. This can affect your record and may have other implications on your future, including being flagged in background checks.
Common Summons Cases in New York
New York City Criminal Courts have trial jurisdiction over summons matters. These courts handle the summons case from arraignment to the final disposition, which may include a trial.
In New York City, the most common cases involving the issuance of a summons that can result in a misdemeanor (and therefore a criminal record) include, but are not limited to:
- HC 153.09 Offensive Matter in the Street (also known as Public Urination);
- TL 140.02 Operating a Motor Vehicle in Violation of Safety Rules;
- AC 19-176 Bicycle on Sidewalk;
- PRR 1-03(c)(2) Failure to comply with sign/park;
- PL 140.05 Trespass;
- VTL 1212 Reckless Driving;
- PRR 1-03(a) Unlawfully in park / after hours;
- PL 221.05 Unlawful Possession of Marijuana; and
- AC 19-506(b) Permit Unlicensed Operation of Vehicle.
Who can legally write a summons in New York?
Other than the New York Police Department (NYPD), other agencies are authorized to write a summons, including peace officers or law enforcement officers with the following agencies:
- New York Fire Department (NYFD);
- U.S. Park Police;
- NYS Park Police;
- NYS Court Officers;
- Amtrak PD;
- ASPCA Police;
- CUNY Public Safety;
- MTA Police Department;
- NYC Sheriff's Office;
- Port Authority PD;
- Big Six Towers Public Safety;
- Co-op City Public Safety;
- Department of Labor;
- Department of Social Services;
- NYC Department of Transportation;
- NYC Health and Hospitals Corp;
- NYS Office of Mental Health;
- NYC Department of Sanitation;
- NYS Tax Enforcement;
- Triboro Bridge and Tunnel Authority; and
- Waterfront Commission.
Law Office | Queens Lawyer for New York Summonses
A summons may not be linked to a criminal offense. New York sends out roughly 600,000 summonses each year, which includes those for both civil and criminal offenses. However, if you have received a summons in Queens for a criminal offense, it may be in your best interests to obtain the services of an experienced defense attorney.
An attorney can help you understand the offenses with which you have been charged and will represent you before a judge. Don't make the mistake of underestimating an offense. While the penalties may seem minimal, including a small fine or brief jail time, your offense may create a criminal record. If your employment requires a professional license or background checks, this can cause difficulties.
Call the Law Office today at or submit an online form to discuss your legal options. During your free consultation, Queens criminal defense attorney Rochelle Berliner will explain both your charges and possible paths to take. She represents men and women who have received summonses to criminal courts in Queens, Manhattan, Brooklyn and the Bronx.
- Criminal Court Matters