With the growing use and evolution of technology, there are more methods being used to forge documents, money, and even vehicle identification numbers. Law enforcement agencies, financial institutions and businesses in other industries have security checks to catch forgery.
A forgery conviction in Queens or any other New York community can come with stiff penalties, including fines up to $15,000 and / or up to 15 years in prison. Given these consequences, it is in the best interests of a person charged with forgery to carefully consider all of their legal defense options.
Queens Forgery Defense Attorney
With nearly two decades of experience working in the New York criminal justice system, Rochelle S. Berliner confidently defends clients as a Queens white collar crime attorney. This experience can prove invaluable in finding weaknesses in the evidence or strategies used by the prosecution. If you have been charged with forgery in Queens, the Bronx, Brooklyn, or Manhattan, contact the Law Office.
With a strong understanding of white collar crimes in New York, she can help fight for a case dismissal, not guilty verdict, acquittal, and other favorable outcomes. Call or send an online message for more information.
- Forgery in the Third Degree
- Forgery in the Second Degree
- Forgery in the First Degree
- Criminal Possession of a Forged Instrument in the Third Degree
- Criminal Possession of a Forged Instrument in the Second Degree
- Criminal Possession of a Forged Instrument in the First Degree
- Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Forgery
- Definitions Related to New York Forgery Crimes
Under N.Y. Penal Law § 170.05, felony in the third degree is a class A misdemeanor. A person who deceives or injures another person by falsely making, completing, or altering a written document, with intent to deceive or injure another person has committed this offense. If convicted, this person can face up to 1 year in prison and / or up to $1,000 in fines.
N.Y. Penal Law § 170.10 states that forgery in the second degree is a class D felony. If a person falsely makes, completes, or otherwise alters a written instrument which is, attempts to be, or is calculated to become or represent once completed:
- A deed, will, amendment to a will, contract, assignment, commercial instrument, credit card, or other instrument which may or does create, transfer, terminate, or affect a legal right, obligation, or status in some other way;
- A written document that is officially used or created by a government body, public office, or public servant;
- Items designed and manufactured for use as tokens in place of money to buy services or items (i.e. New York City transit passes or tokens);
- A prescription from a licensed person (such as a physician) authorized to write them or any document used in taking or administering drugs which require a prescription to be filed under New York law.
This offense is punishable by a prison sentence up to 7 years and / or up to $5,000 in fines.
It is a class C felony offense in New York for a person to commit forgery in the first degree (under N.Y. Penal Law § 170.15). This offense is committed when a person falsely makes, completes, or alters a written document, which is calculated to become, attempts to become, or represent if completed:
- Money, stamps, securities, or other instruments issued by a government or government instrumentality; or
- Stock, bonds, or other interests in or claims against a corporate or other organization or its property.
This felony offense is punishable by up to 15 years in prison and / or fines not to exceed $15,000.
It is a class A misdemeanor for a person to possess a forged instrument, knowing that such an instrument is forged, and use or attempt to use it to defraud, deceive, or injure another person. This is punishable with up to 1 year in prison and / or up to $1,000 in fines.
It is a class D felony for a person to possess a forged instrument specified under § 170.10 with knowledge that it is forged and use it to defraud, deceive or injure another person. Some of the instruments referred to on this list are deeds, wills, transit passes, and prescriptions. If a person possesses two or more credit cards or debit cards that have been fraudulently obtained, he or she is presumed to have knowledge of possession of a forged instrument with intent to deceive, defraud, or injure. A person guilty of this offense may receive up to 7 years in prison and / or up to $5,000 in fines.
In New York, a person who possesses an instrument specified in § 170.15 with knowledge that it is forged and with intent to defraud, deceive, or injure a person is guilty of a class C felony. Instruments referred to in this statute include stocks, bonds, money, stamps, and securities. This felony offense is punishable by up to 15 years in a New York prison and / or fines up to $15,000.
N.Y. Penal Law § 170.65 states it is a class E felony for a person to forge a vehicle identification number. A person can be found guilty of this offense if he or she knowingly:
- Defaces; or
- Changes the form or appearance of a VIN or vehicle component.
A person can also be found guilty if he or she removes or adds a VIN from a vehicle or vehicle part, unless otherwise specified under New York traffic laws. This felony offense is punishable by fines not to exceed $5,000 and / or up to 4 years in prison.
A "written instrument" is defined as any instrument or article which contains a written or printed content used to:
- Record information;
- Constitute a symbol; or
- Constitute valuable evidence of a right, information, privilege or identification.
This written instrument is used to the advantage or disadvantage of a person. It also includes computer data and computer programs.
A "complete written instrument" is one that was created to have identical features to a genuine one. Instruments including endorsements, attestations, acknowledgements, and other signatures are considered complete if it is part of the main instrument or attached to one.
An "incomplete written instrument" is one that contains some content or authentication but requires additional content or materials to be considered complete.
A "forged instrument" is a written instrument which has been created, altered, or completed falsely.
Law Office | Forgery Defense Lawyer in Queens NY
Call to speak with Rochelle S. Berliner about your charges of forgery in Queens, the Bronx, Brooklyn, or the surrounding areas. Whether you have been arrested for felony or misdemeanor forgery, Queens criminal defense attorney Rochelle S. Berliner will help you understand the charges you face and the defense options that can help you find a solution that protects your best interests.
Contact the Law Office after an arrest for allegedly forging a document, altering a VIN illegally, possessing a forged document, or any other alleged white collar crime. You can also submit an online form to schedule a free, confidential consultation.
- White Collar Crime